I am an Assistant Professor in Philosophy at Durham University. My work stretches across philosophy of psychology and social epistemology, and interacts with issues in philosophy of psychiatry, medicine, law and education. My recent research focuses on stereotyping, implicit bias, epistemic injustice, and distorted memories. 

Before arriving in Durham, I studied for my PhD at the University of Sheffield, had a postdoc position on the ERC-funded Project PERFECT in Birmingham, and held teaching positions at the University of Bristol and University of Glasgow.

When not working I love playing with and caring for my two small children, run whenever I can, enjoy attempting to garden, and am extremely comfortable drinking a cup of tea in a cafe.

You can contact me by email at



How Stereotypes Deceive Us. Oxford University Press. Forthcoming 2021.


Forthcoming. “Implicit Bias and Epistemic Oppression in Confronting Racism”. Journal of the American Philosophical Association (with J Holroyd)

Forthcoming. “Stereotypes, Epistemic Dilemmas and Epistemic Dispositions”. Epistemic Dilemmas, edited by Kevin McCain, Scott Stapleford and Matthias Steup. Routledge.

Forthcoming. “Mnemonic Injustice”. Memory and Testimony: New Essays in Epistemology, edited by Stephen Wright and Sanford Goldberg. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Forthcoming. “Credibility Deficits, Memory Errors and the Criminal Trial”. The Social Epistemology of Legal Trialsedited by Zachery Hoskins and Jon Robson.

2020. “Re-evaluating the Credibility of Eyewitness Testimony: The Misinformation Effect and the Overcritical Juror”. Episteme, 17, 2: 255-279. (Open access.)

2020. “Epistemic Injustice and Implicit Bias”. An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice and the Social Mind , edited by Erin Beeghly and Alex Madva (with J. Holroyd)

2019. “Stereotyping Patients“. Journal of Social Philosophy, 50, 1: 60-90. (Open access.)

2019. “Disclosure of mental health: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives“. Philosophy, Psychology and Psychiatry, 26, 4: 333-348.

2019. “Philosophy, bias and stigma”. Why Philosophy? edited by Diego Bubbio & Jeff Malpass (with L. Bortolotti).

2019. “Implicit bias and prejudice”. Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology edited by Miranda Fricker, Peter J. Graham, David Henderson, Nikolaj Pedersen, and Jeremy Wyatt (with J. Holroyd).

2018. “Human memory and the limits of technology in education”. Educational Theory (with C. O’Donnell), 68, 6: 643-655.

2018. “Epistemic innocence and the production of false memory beliefs”. Philosophical Studies (with L. Bortolotti), 176: 755–780 (Open access).

2017. “Stereotyping: The multifactorial view“. Philosophical Topics, 45, 1, 137-156 (Open access).

2017. “Dissolving the ethical/epistemic dilemma over implicit bias”. Philosophical Explorations 20: sup1, 73-93 (Open Access).

2017. “Epistemic Discrimination”. Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Discrimination edited by Kasper Lippert Rasmussen.

2016. “Accessibilism and the challenge from implicit bias”. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 97, 3, 421–434.

2014. “A defence of epistemic responsibility: why laziness and ignorance are bad after all”. Synthese 191, 14, 3297-3309.